current time and date
currency: Kuwaiti dinar (KWD)
Official languages
Life expectancy
Literacy rate
National anthem
Internet TLD & calling code:
Coat of arms
Kuwait profile
strategic location at head of Persian Gulf
Kuwait history
Britain oversaw foreign relations and defense for the ruling Kuwaiti AL-SABAH dynasty from 1899 until independence in 1961. Kuwait was attacked and overrun by Iraq on 2 August 1990. Following several weeks of aerial bombardment, a US-led, UN coalition began a ground assault on 23 February 1991 that liberated Kuwait in four days. Kuwait spent more than $5 billion to repair oil infrastructure damaged during 1990-91. The AL-SABAH family has ruled since returning to power in 1991 and reestablished an elected legislature that in recent years has become increasingly assertive. The country witnessed the historic election in May 2009 of four women to its National Assembly. Amid the 2010-11 uprisings and protests across the Arab world, stateless Arabs, known as bidoon, staged small protests in February and March 2011 demanding citizenship, jobs, and other benefits available to Kuwaiti nationals. Youth activist groups - supported by opposition legislators and the prime minister's rivals within the ruling family - rallied repeatedly in 2011 for an end to corruption and the ouster of the prime minister and his cabinet. Opposition legislators forced the prime minister to resign in late 2011. In October-December 2012, Kuwait witnessed unprecedented protests in response to the Amir's changes to the electoral law by decree reducing the number of votes per person from four to one. The opposition, led by a coalition of Sunni Islamists, tribalists, some liberals, and myriad youth groups, boycotted the December 2012 legislative election, resulting in a historic number of Shia candidates winning seats. Since 2006, the Amir has dissolved the National Assembly on five occasions (the Constitutional Court annulled the Assembly once in June 2012) and reshuffled the cabinet 12 times, usually citing political stagnation and gridlock between the legislature and the government.
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Conventional long form: State of Kuwait

Conventional short form: Kuwait

Local long form: Dawlat al Kuwayt

Local short form: Al Kuwayt
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Kuwait's capital city is Kuwait City
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Kuwait Constitution:

approved and promulgated 11 November 1962
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Kuwait population growth rate: 1.883%
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Kuwait highest point: unnamed elevation 306 m
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Kuwait lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
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About 1% of Kuwait's land is arable.
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Kuwait birth rate is 21 births/1,000 population
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Kuwait infant mortality rate is 8 deaths/1,000 live births
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Kuwait fertility rate is 2.56 children born/woman
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Kuwait climate:

dry desert;

intensely hot summers;

short, cool winters
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Top 10 cities of Kuwait with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. As Salimiyah: 147,649
2. Sabah as Salim: 139,163
3. Al Farwaniyah: 86,525
4. Al Fahahil: 68,290
5. Kuwait City: 60,064
6. Ar Riggah: 52,068
7. Salwa: 40,945
8. Al Mangaf: 39,025
9. Ar Rabiyah: 36,447
10. Bayan: 30,635
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Kuwait ethnic groups:

Kuwaiti - 45%
other Arab - 35%
South Asian - 9%
Iranian - 4%
other - 7%
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Kuwait Exports:

oil and refined products
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Kuwait Imports:

construction materials
vehicles and parts
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unicameral National Assembly or Majlis al-Umma (65 seats - 50 members elected by popular vote plus 16 cabinet ministers, one of whom is also an elected MP, appointed by the prime minister as ex officio voting members; elected members serve four-year terms); note - the National Assembly was dissolved on 7 October 2012

Administrative Divisions:
6 governorates (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah)

1. Al Ahmadi
2. Al 'Asimah
3. Al Farwaniyah
4. Al Jahra'
5. Hawalli
6. Mubarak al Kabir
Political parties and leaders:

while the formation of political parties is not permitted, they are not forbidden by law